Theoretical report presented to the 11th Congrès des Psychanalystes de langue français, Brussels, mid-May 1948

– Translated by Alan Sheridan as ‘Aggressivity in Psychoanalysis’ : p8 to 29 of Écrits, a selection : 1977 : Tavistock Publications :

Available at /Lacan

– Or published bilingual, translated by Alan Sheridan, by /Lacan (99. Écrits: Aggressivity in Psychoanalysis)

– Translated by Bruce Fink as ‘Aggressiveness in Psychoanalysis’ in Écrits, the First Complete Edition in English : 2002 : W W Norton & Co : p82 to 101. Available at /Lacan

Published in French

1) Revue Française de Psychanalyse XII, Vol 2, (1948) p366-388

2) Écrits : October 1966 : Jacques Lacan. See /4 Jacques Lacan /Index or


Chapter 2: Aggressivity in Psychoanalysis : From p42 of A Reader’s Guide to Écrits: 1982: John P. Muller and William J. Richardson : See this site /Texts by date (January 1982) or www. /Authors by date (January 1982)

Available at /Lacan

References to Freud:

Note : Many of Sigmund Freud’s texts are now available bilingual at, or some links are given at ‘Sigmund Freud’s texts available electronically’ in this site /3 Sigmund Freud (Index of Sigmund Freud’s texts)

– ‘Freud expressed in the term death instinct’ : Beyond the Pleasure Principle : 1920g : Sigmund Freud, SE XVIII p1-64. Published bilingual at /homepage (BEYOND THE PLEASURE PRINCIPLE)

– ‘and sometimes discursive enough to enter the ‘negative therapeutic reaction’ that interested Freud so much’ : The Ego & the Id (‘Das Ich und das Es’) : 1920 [1923] : Sigmund Freud, SE XIX p12-63, Published bilingual at / Freud/Philosophy (28. THE EGO AND THE ID (Das Ich und das Es))

– p21 When speaking of the problem of repression Freud asks himself where the ego obtains the energy it puts at the service of the ‘reality principle’ : Probably Repression : 1915d : Sigmund Freud, SE XIV p141-158. Published. bilingual, at / Freud: The Metapsychological Papers, Papers on Technique and others (7. Repression)

– p23 Totem and Taboo: 1912-1913 : Sigmund Freud, SE XIII p 1-162, Published bilingual at / Freud: The Metapsychological Papers, Papers on Technique and others (2. TOTEM AND TABOO (Totem und Tabu))

– p25 Civilization and its Discontents : 1929 : Sigmund Freud, SE XXI p58-145. Download bilingual at /Freud/Philosophy (31. CIVILIZATION AND ITS DISCONTENTS (Das Unbehagen in der Kultur)

An historical reflection

From Le Congrès des Psychanalystes des pays romans: quelques éléments d’histoire : 1991 : Alain de Mijolla. See this site /5 Other Authors A-Z (de Mijolla) or /Other Authors A-Z (Mijolla)

– Rudolph Loewenstein was both Sacha Nacht’s and Jacques Lacan’s analyst. Nacht opposes Loewenstein in the 1938 session

– This eleventh conference, (Congrès des Psychanalystes) held in Brussels between May 14 and 17, 1948, was organized around Sacha Nacht’s paper “Les manifestations cliniques de l’agressivité et leur rôle dans le traitement psychanalytique” (Clinical manifestations of aggression and their role in psycho-analytic treatment; 1948) and Jacques Lacan’s paper “L’agressivité en psychanalyse” (Aggressivity in psychoanalysis; 1948). [Information in this post]

– This conference (1948) was distinguished most of all by the presence of Melanie Klein, who, however, failed to make converts among French psychoanalysts.

– on October 16, 1951, the conference changed its name to the Conference of Romance-Language Psychoanalysts, an extension attributed to Jacques Lacan.

– In 1953 a sixteenth special conference was held in Rome. The division of the Société psychanalytique de Paris (Paris Psychoanalytic Society) (SPP) in June divided the conference into two parts. In one, the members of the society listened to Emilio Servadio, Francis Pasche, René Spitz (who came from New York), Serge Lebovici, and René Diatkine. They then departed, and members of the new Société française de psychanalyse (French Society of Psychoanalysis) entered to listen to Jacques Lacan’s paper “Fonction et champ de la parole et du langage en psychanalyse” (The function and field of language in psychoanalysis). [Information The Function and Field of Speech and Language in Psychoanalysis (Rome) : 26th September 1953 : Jacques Lacan. See this site /4 Jacques Lacan (19530926) ]

– Jealously simmering in the Paris Psychoanalytic Society tore the two rival societies apart for more than a decade, and the following conferences of French-speaking psychoanalysts fit into the general strategy of the two societies’ struggle for influence.

Yet the conferences were also the scene of original theoretical elaborations marking the evolution and deepening of the psychoanalytic thinking of members of the Paris Psychoanalytic Society. This can be seen from a sample of papers presented at the conferences:

-Sacha Nacht and Serge Lebovici, “Indications et contre-indications de la psychanalyse chez l’adulte” (Indications and contraindications for psychoanalysis for adults; 1954); – Revue Française de la Psychanalyse, Vol XIX Nos 1-2, Janvier-Juin 1955, p137-288. Given on 11th November 1954.

& p1-40 of La Psychanalyse d’Aujourd’hui, ouvrage publiée sous la direction du S. Nacht, avec la collaboration de : M. Bouvet, R. Diatkine, A. Doumic, J. Favreau, M. Held, S. Lebovici, P. Luquet, J. Luquet-Parat, P. Male, J. Mallet, F. Pasche, M. Renard, Preface de E. Jones, Tome Premier (This contains the programme for the first day.)

& Indications & Counterindications for Psychoanalysis of Adults, Edited & translated by Ruth Emma Ronan, p1-18 of Psychoanalysis Today, Grune & Stratton 1959. This is heavily edited.

See this site /5 Other Authors A-Z (Nacht or Lebovici)

-René Diatkine and Jean Favreau, “Le caractère névrotique” (The neurotic character) Given on 12th November 1954, at St Anne’s Hospital in Paris Read at the XVIIe Conférence des Psychanalystes de Langues Romanes, on 11-12-13 November 1954, at the Centre Psychiatrique Sainte-Anne, Paris

Published, Revue française de psychanalyse n°1-2, tome 20 janvier-juin 1956, – XVIIIe congrès des psychanalystes de langues romanes – le congrès – psychanalyse et connaissance discussion par Michel Gressot – le caractère névrotique par René Diatkine et Jean-A.Favreau, Presses universitaires de France, 1956

See this site /5 Other Authors A-Z (Diatkine or Favreau)


Presentation of theme ‘“All the world is mad” : 30th May 2023 : Jacques-Alain Miller. Quoted by Jacques-Alain Miller in the presentation of the theme, towards the XIV Congress of the World Association of Psychoanalysts, 22-25 February 2024 (Zoom), 30th May 2023, “All the world is mad”, see

A Society of Norms and its Criminals : 25th May 2017 : Jonathan Leroy. See this site /5 Other Authors A-Z (Leroy) or

Some relations between Jacques Lacan and Søren Kierkegaard: Seminars II, VII, X, XVII, XX & two Écrits : 16th December 2011 : Julia Evans. See this site/5 Other Authors A-Z (Evans Julia/ Index of Julia Evans’ texts)

On the Right Use of Supervision : May 2002 : Éric Laurent. See this site /5 Other Authors A-Z or /Laurent Éric

Le Congrès des Psychanalystes des pays romans: quelques éléments d’histoire : 1991 : Alain de Mijolla. See this site /5 Other Authors A-Z or /Texts by date (1991)

The Ordinary Topology of Jacques Lacan : 1986 : Jeanne Lafont. See this site /5 Other Authors A-Z or /Other Authors A-Z (Lafont)

A Reader’s Guide to Écrits : 1982 : John P. Muller and William J. Richardson. See this site /5 Other Authors A-Z or /Other Authors A-Z (Muller or Richardson)

Lacan and the Discourse of the Other : 1968 : Anthony Wilden. See this site /5 Other Authors A-Z or /Other Authors A-Z (Wilden)

Écrits : October 1966 : Jacques Lacan. See this site /4 Jacques Lacan (19661001) or /Lacan

Translator’s note, Bibliography Note : 1977 : Alan Sheridan & Classified index of the major concepts & Commentary on the graphs : 1966 : Jacques-Alain Miller : from ‘Écrits: a selection-Jacques Lacan’. See this site /5 Other Authors A-Z or /Other Authors A-Z (Sheridan)

See p248 of Troisième Rapport – Contribution à l’étude des phobies : probably September 1955 (Paris) : Jean Mallet. See this site /5 Other Authors A-Z or /Other Authors A-Z (Mallet)