In French – Écrits « inspirés » : Schizographie

-Presented at a meeting of the Medico-Psychological Society on 12th November 1931.

-Appeared initially under the signatures of J. Lévy-Valensi, P. Migault et J .Lacan, in A.M.P., no 5, dec. 1931. See Background below.

– from Pages 365-382 of Jacques Lacan: De la psychose paranoïaque dans ses rapports avec la personnalité suivi de Premiers écrits sur la paranoia; Éditions du Seuil, 1975. See ‘The Case of Aimée, or Self-punitive Paranoia’: Jacques Lacan: 1932 at this site, / 4 Jacques Lacan (19320101) or from January 2024 or

Pages 365-382 of the 1975 Seuil Edition : Translated by Anthony Chadwick, bilingual, at /Lacan (9. Écrits « inspirés » : Schizographie)

NOTE : Publication of Jacques Lacan’s doctoral thesis in French :

‘De la psychose paranoïaque dans ses rapports avec la personnalité, suivi de Premiers écrits sur la paranoïa’ (1932) Published: Paris: du Seuil, 1975

: Published at at here or download from /lacan


Cited by Jacques Lacan in Seminar XXIII : 10th February 1976 :

See Seminar XXIII: The Sinthome or Joyce and the Sinthome: 1975-1976: beginning on November 18th 1975 : Jacques Lacan :

at this site /4 Jacques Lacan (19751118) or from January 2024, or

: p63 of Adrian Price’s translation :

pVI 2 of Cormac Gallagher’s translation : It is clear that here I am distorting something in Freud. I am trying to note, to point out that enjoyment belongs to the Real. This leads me into enormous difficulties. First of all, because it is clear that the enjoyment of the Real comprises what Freud had glimpsed, comprises masochism; and it is obviously not from that step that he started. Masochism is the major part of the enjoyment the Real gives. He discovered it, he had not immediately foreseen it.

It is certain that by entering onto this path you are drawn on, as is evidenced by the fact that I began by writing Ecrits Inspirés. It is a fact that that is how I began. And that is why I, why I should not be too astonished to find myself confronting Joyce. This indeed is why I dared to ask this question, a question that I asked earlier, was Joyce mad? Which is: what was it that inspired his writing?

Joyce left an enormous quantity of notes, of scribblings, scribbledehobble. That is how someone called Connolly, whom I knew at one time – I don’t know if he’s still alive – entitled a manuscript that he extracted, that he extracted from Joyce.

The question is in short the following: how to know, from his notes, and it is not by chance that he left so many, because anyway his notes, were drafts.


The observation on which this work is based was presented to the Medico-Psychological Society, meeting of 12thNovember 1931, under the title of “Disturbances in Language in a Paranoiac Presenting Delusional Elements of a Paranoid type (schizography).” AREP edition, Alençon, 1977, under the title “Jacques Lacan, Travaux et interventions”] Note : It was on the evening of 10thApril 1931 that Lacan’s patient-to-be, known as Aimée, took a knife out of her purse and tried to kill the actress Huguette Duflos.