Towards the World Association of Psychoanalysis XI Congress, April 2018 (Barcelona),

THE ORDINARY PSYCHOSES AND THE OTHERSUnder Transference, This is a Guidance Text, , Psychosis, Ordered Under Transference, from Miquel Bassols – Presidente AMP (ELP, Barcelona), Date not known


Or, with Julia Evans’ notes at /Other Authors A-Z (Bassols)

Probably quoted by Gabriela Medin on Saturday 29th January 2022 at London Society of NLS’s Clinical Seminar.


Julia Evans’ notes

-‘He himself read his entry into psychoanalysis, which carries the title of his famous 1932 thesis, On Paranoiac Psychosis in its Relations to the Personality,…’ See On Paranoid Psychosis in its relationships with the personality, followed by first writings on Paranoia (Aimée) : 7th July 1932 : Jacques Lacan. See this site /4 Jacques Lacan (19320101 or index of Jacques Lacan’s texts) However where it is stated a few years later has not been established.

-‘…by saying a few years later that personality is paranoia, and that it is for this reason that there are not in fact relations between the one and the other’. See ‘The works of Jacques Lacan – an introduction’ : 1986 : Bice Benvenuto & Roger Kennedy, See this site /5 Other Authors A-Z (Benvenuto or Index of Authors A-Z) : p45 Paranoid knowledge is based on the sense of persecution, and has a generalized irrational element, e.g., the fear of being attacked by anonymous persecutors; but it also contains elements of the subject’s personality, and so an exploration of such forms of knowledge can provide insights into the subject’s psyche. Lacan considered that paranoid knowledge is not only a clinical fact, but corresponds to the stage in the subject’s genesis when ego and objects are first being distinguished, and when in addition both ego and objects are becoming imbued with aspects of permanence, identity and substantiality.

Lacan appears to infer that the very structure of the ego, on which personality is based, is paranoid. One can indeed see in the structure of paranoid knowledge some equivalence to the childhood phenomenon of what Lacan called ‘transitivism’ – the child who strikes another says he has been struck, and the child who sees another fall, cries. One can also see how this concept leads on to that of the mirror stage, in which Lacan described the formation of the ego in more detail, and within a clearly psychoanalytic framework.

Further note : The transitivism phenomenon is the concept that is highlighted in Lacan’s mirror theory and his psychoanalytical lecture on The Ravishment of Lol V. Stein, a Marguerite Duras novel (Lacan, 1965/2001).

See Mirror Stage – 16th June 1936 (Paris), 3rd August 1936 (Marienbad), 1938, 17th July 1949 (Zurich), 1966 : Jacques Lacan, on this site /4 Jacques Lacan (19490717 or Index of Jacques Lacan’s texts) & Homage to Marguerite Duras, on ‘Le ravissement de Lol V. Stein’ : December 1965 : Jacques Lacan. Also in Autres Écrits : 2001 : Jacques Lacan. See this site /4 Jacques Lacan (19651201)


Footnote [2] ‘… in his Écriton “The Direction of the Treatment and the Principles of Its Power”. Edward Glover, Lacan writes, lacking the term of the signifier in order to operate in analytic experience, “finds interpretation everywhere, being unable to stop it anywhere, even in the banality of a medical prescription.”[2]’ See The Direction of the Treatment and the Principles of its Power/ The Rules of the Cure and the Lures of its Power : 10th July 1958 : Jacques Lacan at this site /4 Jacques Lacan (19580710 or Index of Jacques Lacan’s texts)

NOTE : the Gallagher translation is the better one. JE

p9 of Cormac Gallagher’s translation : You should read Edward Glover if you want to appreciate the price he pays for lacking this term: though articulating the most relevant insights, he find interpretation everywhere, finding nowhere to stop it, even in the banality of a medical prescription. He even goes as far as to say quite baldly – I am not sure whether he is aware of what he is saying – that symptom-formation is an incorrect interpretation by the subject [13]. See The therapeutic effect of inexact interpretation – a contribution to the theory of suggestion : October 1931 : Edward Glover, at this site 5 Other Authors A-Z (Glover or Index of Authors)

p497 of Bruce Fink’s translation : This importance of the signifier in the localization of analytic truth appears implicitly when an author holds firmly to the internal coherence of analytic experience in defining aporias. One should read Edward Glover to gauge the price he pays for not having the term “signifier” at his disposal. In articulating the most relevant views, he finds interpretation everywhere, even in the banality of a medical prescription, being unable to set any limits to it. He even goes so far as to say, quite simply-without our being sure he knows what he is saying-that symptom formation is an inexact interpretation on the subject’s part [13].